Gravidity-dependent associations between interferon response and birth weight in placental malaria

Gravidity-dependent associations between interferon response and birth weight in placental malaria

Background: Ms. malaria infection leads to poor perinatal outcomes, including low birth weight of preterm birth and / or fetal growth restriction, especially in primigravidae. In placental malaria, Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells causing an inflammatory response that can interfere with maternal-fetal exchange, causing poor growth. Type I interferon (IFN-I) pathway plays an immunomodulatory role in viral and bacterial infections, usually by suppressing the inflammatory response. However, its role in placental malaria is unknown. This study examined the cytokine responses in placental tissues from a subset of malaria infected and uninfected women, and attempts to connect them with the results of certain birth.


Methods: 40 across the placental biopsy samples obtained from pregnant women at least 16 years were recruited to larger prospective chemoprevention trials against malaria. This is a patient in hospitals Tororo in Uganda, an area of ​​high malaria endemicity where about 40% of women had evidence of malaria infection at delivery. They regularly attended at a local clinic and monitored for fever, blood smear done later and at the time of delivery for diagnosing malaria infection. Placental biopsies were taken for histological diagnosis of placental malaria, as well as quantitative PCR analysis of IFN-I genes in pathways (IFN-β, IL-10 and MX-1). Parameters such as the baby’s birth weight and gestational age were also recorded.


Results: Histological analysis revealed placental malaria on 18 samples, while 22 were found to be infected. RT-PCR analysis showed a fourfold increase in IFN-β and IL-10 expression in multigravidas with placental malaria compared with gravidity-matched, uninfected controls. This effect was not observed in primigravida. Interestingly, linear regression analysis showed a positive correlation between the levels of IFN-β and a higher birth weight (β = 101.2 g per log2-fold increase in the expression of IFN-β, p = 0.042). This association was strongest in primigravida with placental malaria (β = 339.0, p = 0.006).


Conclusion: These results suggest differential regulation of IFN-I pathway in placental malaria by gravidity, with the largest anti-inflammatory response seen in multigravidas. The relationship between the level of IFN-β and a higher birth weight also demonstrated a protective role for IFN-I on fetal growth restriction in placental malaria.

 Gravidity-dependent associations between interferon response and birth weight in placental malaria
Gravidity-dependent associations between interferon response and birth weight in placental malaria

The role of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and interferon-γ coronavirus infection: lessons from a murine coronavirus infection in mice

Murine coronavirus (CoV) is a beta-CoV that infect mice by binding to antigen-related cell adhesion molecule-carcinoembryonic 1. intraperitoneal infection with murine CoV strain JHM (JHMV) induces mild acute hepatitis in mice. While both the innate and acquired immune responses play an important role in the protection against murine CoV infection in mice, CD8 + cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and interferon-γ is critical for the eradication of hepatitis virus-induced JHMV.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A633 0.1mg
EUR 378
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 633.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A680 0.1mg
EUR 378
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 680.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A700 0.1mg
EUR 378
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 700.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-ALP 0.1mg
EUR 372
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Alkaline Phosphatase.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-APCCY7 0.1mg
EUR 450
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to APC/Cy7.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-FITC 0.1mg
EUR 370
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to FITC.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-P594 0.1mg
EUR 385
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to PE/ATTO 594.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-RPE 0.1mg
EUR 375
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to RPE .

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207S 0.012mg
EUR 65
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is unconjugated.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D 0.1mg
EUR 332
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is unconjugated.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A488 0.1mg
EUR 378
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 488.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A594 0.1mg
EUR 378
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 594.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A655 0.1mg
EUR 378
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 655.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-APC 0.1mg
EUR 377
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to APC .

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-BI 0.1mg
EUR 374
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Biotin.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY350 0.1mg
EUR 393
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 350.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY405 0.1mg
EUR 381
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 405.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY488 0.1mg
EUR 371
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 488.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY594 0.1mg
EUR 373
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 594.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY633 0.1mg
EUR 368
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 633.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-HRP 0.1mg
EUR 366
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to HRP.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-PCP 0.1mg
EUR 377
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to PerCP.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-STR 0.1mg
EUR 376
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Streptavidin.

Rat, Pegylated Rat Leptin Recombinant Protein

PROTP50596-1 20 ug
EUR 317
Description: Mono-Pegylated Leptin Rat Recombinant produced in E.Coli is a single, non-glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 147 amino acids and an additional Ala at N-terminus having a molecular mass of 35.6 kDa (with 20 kDa PEG) as determined by mass spectometry. However due to enlarged hydrodymanic volume it runs on the SDS-PAGE as 48 kDa protein and in gel-filtration on Superdex 200 as over 100 kDa protein. Its half-life in circulation after SC injection was over 20 hours. Rat Leptin was purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques according to Salomon et al (2006) Protein Expression and Purification 47, 128–136 and then pegylated._x000D_

Rat IgM

31C-CH1213 1 mg
EUR 377
Description: Purified Rat IgM

Rat IgG

M1101-100
EUR 153

Rat IgG

M1101-1000
EUR 370

Urocortin, rat

HY-P1296 5mg
EUR 1187

EGF, Rat

HY-P7092 50ug
EUR 211

CNTF, Rat

HY-P7148 50ug
EUR 497

Leptin, Rat

HY-P7233 50ug
EUR 153

Rat HSV

ERH0317 96Tests
EUR 521

Rat HSV

ERH0318 96Tests
EUR 521

OSM, Rat

HY-P7105 100ug
EUR 1256

Rat Serum

abx098267-10ml 10 ml
EUR 272

PHI, rat

5-01758 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Pneumadin (rat)

5-01780 4 x 5mg Ask for price

Secretin, rat

5-01916 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Urocortin, rat

5-02053 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Amylin, rat

5-00650 0.4 x 5mg Ask for price

Calcitonin, rat

5-00903 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Galanin, rat

5-01177 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Ghrelin (Rat)

5-01201 4 x 1mg Ask for price

GHRF, rat

5-01204 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Intermedin (rat)

5-01405 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Necrofibrin, rat

5-01585 4 x 5mg Ask for price

Rat Fibronectin

7-05200 20µg Ask for price

Rat Fibronectin

7-05201 100µg Ask for price

Rat Fibronectin

7-05202 1mg Ask for price

SCF, rat

RC253-12 2ug
EUR 104.38

VEGF165, rat

RC256-18 1mg
EUR 2364.2

CNTF, rat

RC258-19 5ug
EUR 104.38

GDNF, rat

RC258-25 2ug
EUR 104.38

CCL6, rat

RC355-17 2ug
EUR 101.33

CCL11, rat

RC355-22 5ug
EUR 101.33

MIF, rat

RC752-14 50ug
EUR 169.63

CGRP (rat)

B5061-.5 500 µg
EUR 451

CGRP (rat)

B5061-1 1 mg
EUR 814

Ghrelin (rat)

B5120-1 1 mg
EUR 772

Urocortin (rat)

B5146-.5 500 ?g
EUR 337

Urocortin (rat)

B5146-1 1 mg
EUR 487

Urocortin (rat)

B5146-5 5 mg
EUR 1543

Hemopressin (rat)

B5167-1 1 mg
EUR 502

Secretin (rat)

B5232-1 1 mg
EUR 326

Obestatin (rat)

B5306-1 1 mg
EUR 177

Rat Cardiomyocytes

PC35134 P0 Rat - Whole Heart Dissociated Cells X2
EUR 1419

GDNF (Rat)

PR15008 50 ug
EUR 1277

Leptin-Rat

PR27100 200 ug
EUR 191

Adrenomedullin (rat)

H-2934.0500 0.5mg
EUR 587
Description: Sum Formula: C242H381N77O75S5; CAS# [161383-47-7] net

Adrenomedullin (rat)

H-2934.1000 1.0mg
EUR 961
Description: Sum Formula: C242H381N77O75S5; CAS# [161383-47-7] net

Calcitonin (rat)

H-3072.0001 1.0mg
EUR 236
Description: Sum Formula: C148H228N40O46S3; CAS# [11118-25-5]

Calcitonin (rat)

H-3072.0005 5.0mg
EUR 853
Description: Sum Formula: C148H228N40O46S3; CAS# [11118-25-5]

Urocortin (rat)

H-3362.0500 0.5mg
EUR 273
Description: Sum Formula: C206H338N62O64; CAS# [171543-83-2] net

Urocortin (rat)

H-3362.1000 1.0mg
EUR 418
Description: Sum Formula: C206H338N62O64; CAS# [171543-83-2] net

GRF (rat)

H-5440.0500 0.5mg
EUR 563
Description: Sum Formula: C225H361N77O66S; CAS# [86472-71-1] net

GRF (rat)

H-5440.1000 1.0mg
EUR 1034
Description: Sum Formula: C225H361N77O66S; CAS# [86472-71-1] net

Secretin (rat)

H-5498.0001 1.0mg
EUR 563
Description: Sum Formula: C129H216N42O42; CAS# [121028-49-7]

Secretin (rat)

H-5498.0005 5.0mg
EUR 2159
Description: Sum Formula: C129H216N42O42; CAS# [121028-49-7]

Intermedin (rat)

H-6068.0500 0.5mg
EUR 515
Description: Sum Formula: C226H361N75O64S2; CAS# [1816940-00-7] net

Intermedin (rat)

H-6068.1000 1.0mg
EUR 816
Description: Sum Formula: C226H361N75O64S2; CAS# [1816940-00-7] net

Obestatin (rat)

H-6338.0500 0.5mg
EUR 454
Description: Sum Formula: C114H174N34O31; CAS# [869705-22-6] net

Obestatin (rat)

H-6338.1000 1.0mg
EUR 756
Description: Sum Formula: C114H174N34O31; CAS# [869705-22-6] net

Preptin (rat)

H-6572.0100 0.1mg
EUR 151
Description: Sum Formula: C181H268N48O51; CAS# [315197-73-0] net

Preptin (rat)

H-6572.0500 0.5mg
EUR 515
Description: Sum Formula: C181H268N48O51; CAS# [315197-73-0] net

Preptin (rat)

H-6572.1000 1.0mg
EUR 938
Description: Sum Formula: C181H268N48O51; CAS# [315197-73-0] net

Copeptin (rat)

H-6726.0500 0.5mg
EUR 393
Description: Sum Formula: C183H307N57O61; CAS# [86280-64-0] net

Copeptin (rat)

H-6726.1000 1.0mg
EUR 696
Description: Sum Formula: C183H307N57O61; CAS# [86280-64-0] net

Alarin (rat)

H-6762.0500 0.5mg
EUR 231
Description: Sum Formula: C119H199N45O35; CAS# [909409-88-7] net

Alarin (rat)

H-6762.1000 1.0mg
EUR 360
Description: Sum Formula: C119H199N45O35; CAS# [909409-88-7] net

Rat(H2b)

QY-E11674 96T
EUR 374

Rat(TRAP)

QY-E11743 96T
EUR 374

Pneumadin (rat) )

SP-100080-1 1 mg
EUR 286

Rat anti Mouse(Rat) TNFRSF1A monoclonal antibody

CABT-L335 500ug
EUR 819

Liver Dissociation System 4 (Hepatocytes, rat), Rat

4-20304 ea Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Apoliprotein-J (Clusterin Rat Recombinant)

CC015-002 2ug
EUR 293

Recombinant Rat Apoliprotein-J (Clusterin Rat Recombinant)

CC015-010 10ug
EUR 408

Recombinant Rat Apoliprotein-J (Clusterin Rat Recombinant)

CC015-101 1mg
EUR 6935

Pancreas Dissociation System 6 (Acinar, rat parotid), Rat

4-20376 ea Ask for price

Rat IgG2a (FITC) / Rat IgG2a (RPE) Isotype Control

abx405004-100tests 100 tests
EUR 634

CST3 Rat, Cystatin C Rat Recombinant Protein, sf9

PROTP14841-1 Regular: 10ug
EUR 317
Description: CST3 Rat Recombinant produced in Sf9 Baculovirus cells is a single, glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 128 amino acids (21-140a.a.) and having a molecular mass of 14.3kDa (Molecular size on SDS-PAGE will appear at approximately 13.5-18kDa)._x000D_ CST3 is expressed with an 8 amino acid His tag at C-Terminus and purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques

Normal Rat Serum

88-NR51 50 ml
EUR 599
Description: Normal Rat Serum

Normal Rat Serum

88R-1010 5 ml
EUR 202
Description: Normal Rat Serum which has been lipid extracted and dialyzed against 10 mM Sodium Phosphate, 0.15 M Sodium Chloride, pH 7.2

GDNF, rat recombinant

7157-10
EUR 278

GDNF, rat recombinant

7157-50
EUR 1132

TPO, rat recombinant

7221-10
EUR 251

TPO, rat recombinant

7221-50
EUR 947

Apotransferrin, Rat Plasma

7541-1000
EUR 370

Transferrin, Rat Plasma

7543-1000
EUR 251

Hemopexin, Rat Serum

7545-100
EUR 283

/ Rat ELISA Kit

ELA-E0703r 96 Tests
EUR 886

/ Rat ELISA Kit

ELA-E1084r 96 Tests
EUR 886

GST/ Rat GST

ELA-E1090r 96 Tests
EUR 886

Transferrin protein (Rat)

30C-CH1216 5 mg
EUR 357
Description: Highly purified rat transferrin protein

IL6 protein (Rat)

30R-2494 10 ug
EUR 383
Description: Purified recombinant Rat IL6 protein (Rat)

Transferrin protein (Rat)

30R-3100 1 gram
EUR 802
Description: Purified native Transferrin protein (Rat)

Thrombopoietin protein (Rat)

30R-3132 50 ug
EUR 257
Description: Purified recombinant Rat Thrombopoietin protein (His tag)

Rat Serum Albumin

30R-3297 10 mg
EUR 187
Description: Purified native Rat Serum Albumin

IL2 protein-Rat

30R-3409 20 ug
EUR 273
Description: Purified recombinant Rat IL2 protein

Rat Albumin protein

30R-AA033X 25 mg
EUR 349
Description: Highly purified rat albumin protein

Rat virus protein

30-1272 1 mg
EUR 241
Description: Purified native Rat virus protein (Mouse)

NGAL protein (Rat)

30-1824 1 ml
EUR 381
Description: Purified recombinant Rat NGAL protein

Rat Lymphocyte antibody

20R-LR004 20 mg
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Lymphocyte antibody

Rat Lymphocyte antibody

20R-LR007 20 ml
EUR 889
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Lymphocyte antibody

Rat Macrophage antibody

20R-MR009 5 ml
EUR 473
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Macrophage antibody

Rat Macrophage antibody

20R-MR016 10 mg
EUR 338
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Macrophage antibody

Rat Macrophage antibody

20R-MR028 10 mg
EUR 392
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Macrophage antibody

Rat PMN antibody

20R-PR020 2 ml
EUR 349
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat PMN antibody

Rat PMN antibody

20R-PR043 5 ml
EUR 435
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat PMN antibody

Rat PMN antibody

20R-PR052 10 mg
EUR 338
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat PMN antibody

Rat PMN antibody

20R-PR102 10 mg
EUR 403
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat PMN antibody

Rat RBC antibody

20R-RR012 20 mg
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat RBC antibody

Rat RBC antibody

20R-RR027 5 mg
EUR 554
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat RBC antibody

Rat Thymocyte antibody

20R-TR005 20 mg
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Thymocyte antibody

Rat Thymocyte antibody

20R-TR005x 2 ml
EUR 241
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Thymocyte antibody

Rat Thrombocyte antibody

20R-TR037 2 ml
EUR 349
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Thrombocyte antibody

Rat Thrombocyte antibody

20R-TR040 5 ml
EUR 435
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Thrombocyte antibody

Rat Thymocyte antibody

20R-TR043 20 mg
EUR 392
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Thymocyte antibody

Rat Thymocyte antibody

20R-TR044 2 ml
EUR 295
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Thymocyte antibody

IL4 protein (Rat)

30R-AI144 20 ug
EUR 327
Description: Purified recombinant Rat IL4 protein

RAP protein (Rat)

30R-AR008 500 ug
EUR 1470
Description: Purified recombinant Rat RAP protein (His/c-myc tag)

VEGFC protein (Rat)

30R-AV005 20 ug
EUR 447
Description: Purified recombinant Rat VEGFC protein

Rat Calnuc antibody

70R-1118 100 ug
EUR 377
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Calnuc antibody raised against the C terminal Of Rat Calnuc/Rgd:620030

Rat IgG (FITC)

65C-CH1202 1 mg
EUR 200
Description: Purified Rat IgG FITC conjugate

Rat IgG (HRP)

65C-CH1203 1 mg
EUR 258
Description: Purified Rat IgG HRP conjugate

Rat IgM (FITC)

65C-CH1214 500 µL
EUR 251
Description: Purified Rat IgM FITC conjugate

Rat IgM (HRP)

65C-CH1215 500 µg
EUR 346
Description: Purified Rat IgM HRP conjugate

Prolactin, rat recombinant

4689-10
EUR 137

Prolactin, rat recombinant

4689-1000
EUR 1681

Prolactin, rat recombinant

4689-50
EUR 262

Rat Complement Serum

32R-CR005 5 ml
EUR 435
Description: Purifed Rat Complement isolated from blood of normal rats

Rat IgG (Fc)

31C-CH1204 1 mg
EUR 367
Description: Purified Rat IgG (Fc)

Rat IgG (Fab)

31C-CH1210 2 mg
EUR 340
Description: Purified Rat IgG (Fab)

Rat Ig fraction

31R-1021 10 mg
EUR 115
Description: Rat Ig fraction control or blocking reagent

Rat Ig fraction

31R-1045 10 mg
EUR 115
Description: Purified Rat Ig fraction for use as a control or blocking reagent

Rat IgG protein

31R-1064 10 mg
EUR 187
Description: Purified native Rat IgG protein

Rat IgG Fab

31R-1079 1 mg
EUR 457
Description: Purified native IgG Fab protein (Rat)

Rat IgG Fc

31R-1080 1 mg
EUR 381
Description: Purified native IgG Fc protein (Rat)

Rat IgM protein

31R-IR001 1.5 mg
EUR 478
Description: Purified Rat IgM protein

Rat IgM antibody

10R-I150a 100 tests
EUR 190
Description: Rat IgM isotype control

Rat Monocytes antibody

10R-M152a 250 ug
EUR 813
Description: Mouse monoclonal Rat Monocytes antibody

Adiponectin, rat recombinant

4903-100
EUR 648

Adiponectin, rat recombinant

4903-1000
EUR 3410

Adiponectin, rat recombinant

4903-25
EUR 267

Visfatin, rat recombinant

4909-10
EUR 229

Visfatin, rat recombinant

4909-1000
EUR 4345

Visfatin, rat recombinant

4909-50
EUR 479

BAFF, rat recombinant

4453-100
EUR 773

BAFF, rat recombinant

4453-1000
EUR 5433

BAFF, rat recombinant

4453-20
EUR 262

Resistin, rat recombinant

4561-100
EUR 697

Resistin, rat recombinant

4561-1000
EUR 5106

Resistin, rat recombinant

4561-25
EUR 256

RANTES, rat recombinant

4323-100
EUR 936

RANTES, rat recombinant

4323-1000
EUR 5025

RANTES, rat recombinant

4323-20
EUR 327

SCF, rat recombinant

4329-10
EUR 332

SCF, rat recombinant

4329-1000
EUR 4280

SCF, rat recombinant

4329-50
EUR 789

VEGF165, rat recombinant

4365-10
EUR 267

VEGF165, rat recombinant

4365-1000
EUR 3965

VEGF165, rat recombinant

4365-50
EUR 697

Leptin, rat recombinant

4368-02
EUR 137

Leptin, rat recombinant

4368-1
EUR 256

Leptin, rat recombinant

4368-5
EUR 610

CNTF, rat recombinant

4019-100
EUR 664

CNTF, rat recombinant

4019-1000
EUR 3312

CNTF, rat recombinant

4019-20
EUR 262

EGF, rat recombinant

4024-100
EUR 304

EGF, rat recombinant

4024-1000
EUR 1811

EGF, rat recombinant

4024-20
EUR 160

Additionally, CoVs characterized by a high diversity, caused by a mutation, recombination, and gene gain / loss. 25V16G is JHMV immune-escape variants, which do not have the dominant CTL epitope. By avoiding the immune response, 25V16G establish persistent infections, causing granulomatous serositis in mice interferon-γ-deficient. These examples pathogenesis-related CoV in mice may provide useful information about other CoV infection, including coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19).

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