Gravidity-dependent associations between interferon response and birth weight in placental malaria

Gravidity-dependent associations between interferon response and birth weight in placental malaria

Background: Ms. malaria infection leads to poor perinatal outcomes, including low birth weight of preterm birth and / or fetal growth restriction, especially in primigravidae. In placental malaria, Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells causing an inflammatory response that can interfere with maternal-fetal exchange, causing poor growth. Type I interferon (IFN-I) pathway plays an immunomodulatory role in viral and bacterial infections, usually by suppressing the inflammatory response. However, its role in placental malaria is unknown. This study examined the cytokine responses in placental tissues from a subset of malaria infected and uninfected women, and attempts to connect them with the results of certain birth.


Methods: 40 across the placental biopsy samples obtained from pregnant women at least 16 years were recruited to larger prospective chemoprevention trials against malaria. This is a patient in hospitals Tororo in Uganda, an area of ​​high malaria endemicity where about 40% of women had evidence of malaria infection at delivery. They regularly attended at a local clinic and monitored for fever, blood smear done later and at the time of delivery for diagnosing malaria infection. Placental biopsies were taken for histological diagnosis of placental malaria, as well as quantitative PCR analysis of IFN-I genes in pathways (IFN-β, IL-10 and MX-1). Parameters such as the baby’s birth weight and gestational age were also recorded.


Results: Histological analysis revealed placental malaria on 18 samples, while 22 were found to be infected. RT-PCR analysis showed a fourfold increase in IFN-β and IL-10 expression in multigravidas with placental malaria compared with gravidity-matched, uninfected controls. This effect was not observed in primigravida. Interestingly, linear regression analysis showed a positive correlation between the levels of IFN-β and a higher birth weight (β = 101.2 g per log2-fold increase in the expression of IFN-β, p = 0.042). This association was strongest in primigravida with placental malaria (β = 339.0, p = 0.006).


Conclusion: These results suggest differential regulation of IFN-I pathway in placental malaria by gravidity, with the largest anti-inflammatory response seen in multigravidas. The relationship between the level of IFN-β and a higher birth weight also demonstrated a protective role for IFN-I on fetal growth restriction in placental malaria.

 Gravidity-dependent associations between interferon response and birth weight in placental malaria
Gravidity-dependent associations between interferon response and birth weight in placental malaria

The role of cytotoxic T lymphocytes and interferon-γ coronavirus infection: lessons from a murine coronavirus infection in mice

Murine coronavirus (CoV) is a beta-CoV that infect mice by binding to antigen-related cell adhesion molecule-carcinoembryonic 1. intraperitoneal infection with murine CoV strain JHM (JHMV) induces mild acute hepatitis in mice. While both the innate and acquired immune responses play an important role in the protection against murine CoV infection in mice, CD8 + cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and interferon-γ is critical for the eradication of hepatitis virus-induced JHMV.

Nori® Bovine 3-Plex ELISA Kits-Interferons

GR228009 96-well
EUR 603.6

Rat ; Rat embryonic fibroblast

02-705 100ng
EUR 481.2
Description: The Rat ; Rat embryonic fibroblast is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Rat, Pegylated Rat Leptin Recombinant Protein

PROTP50596-1 20 ug
EUR 380.4
Description: Mono-Pegylated Leptin Rat Recombinant produced in E.Coli is a single, non-glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 147 amino acids and an additional Ala at N-terminus having a molecular mass of 35.6 kDa (with 20 kDa PEG) as determined by mass spectometry. However due to enlarged hydrodymanic volume it runs on the SDS-PAGE as 48 kDa protein and in gel-filtration on Superdex 200 as over 100 kDa protein. Its half-life in circulation after SC injection was over 20 hours. Rat Leptin was purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques according to Salomon et al (2006) Protein Expression and Purification 47, 128–136 and then pegylated._x000D_

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D 0.1mg
EUR 398.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is unconjugated.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A390 0.1mg
EUR 454.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 390.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A488 0.1mg
EUR 453.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 488.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A565 0.1mg
EUR 453.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 565.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A594 0.1mg
EUR 453.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 594.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A633 0.1mg
EUR 453.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 633.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A655 0.1mg
EUR 453.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 655.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A680 0.1mg
EUR 453.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 680.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-A700 0.1mg
EUR 453.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to ATTO 700.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-ALP 0.1mg
EUR 446.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Alkaline Phosphatase.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-APC 0.1mg
EUR 452.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to APC .

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-APCCY7 0.1mg
EUR 540
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to APC/Cy7.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-BI 0.1mg
EUR 448.8
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Biotin.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY350 0.1mg
EUR 471.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 350.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY405 0.1mg
EUR 457.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 405.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY488 0.1mg
EUR 445.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 488.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY594 0.1mg
EUR 447.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 594.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-DY633 0.1mg
EUR 441.6
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Dylight 633.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-FITC 0.1mg
EUR 444
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to FITC.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-HRP 0.1mg
EUR 439.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to HRP.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-P594 0.1mg
EUR 462
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to PE/ATTO 594.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-PCP 0.1mg
EUR 452.4
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to PerCP.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-RPE 0.1mg
EUR 450
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to RPE .

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207D-STR 0.1mg
EUR 451.2
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is conjugated to Streptavidin.

Antibody for Rat HO-1 (Rat)

SPC-207S 0.012mg
EUR 78
Description: A polyclonal antibody for HO-1 from Mouse | Rat. The antibody is produced in rabbit after immunization with Rat Rat HO-1 without the transmembrane domain (cloned residues 1-262). The Antibody is tested and validated for WB assays with the following recommended dilutions: WB (1:1000). This HO-1 antibody is unconjugated.

Rat Fibronectin

7-05200 20µg Ask for price

Rat Fibronectin

7-05201 100µg Ask for price

Rat Fibronectin

7-05202 1mg Ask for price

Rat IgM

31C-CH1213 1 mg
EUR 452.4
Description: Purified Rat IgM

Amylin, rat

5-00650 0.4 x 5mg Ask for price

Calcitonin, rat

5-00903 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Galanin, rat

5-01177 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Ghrelin (Rat)

5-01201 4 x 1mg Ask for price

GHRF, rat

5-01204 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Intermedin (rat)

5-01405 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Necrofibrin, rat

5-01585 4 x 5mg Ask for price

PHI, rat

5-01758 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Pneumadin (rat)

5-01780 4 x 5mg Ask for price

Secretin, rat

5-01916 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Urocortin, rat

5-02053 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Rat Serum

abx098267-10ml 10 ml
EUR 326.4

CGRP (rat)

B5061-.5 500 µg
EUR 541.2

CGRP (rat)

B5061-1 1 mg
EUR 976.8

Ghrelin (rat)

B5120-1 1 mg
EUR 926.4

Urocortin (rat)

B5146-.5 500 ?g
EUR 404.4

Urocortin (rat)

B5146-1 1 mg
EUR 584.4

Urocortin (rat)

B5146-5 5 mg
EUR 1851.6

Hemopressin (rat)

B5167-1 1 mg
EUR 602.4

Secretin (rat)

B5232-1 1 mg
EUR 391.2

Obestatin (rat)

B5306-1 1 mg
EUR 212.4

Rat HSV

ERH0317 96Tests
EUR 625.2

Rat HSV

ERH0318 96Tests
EUR 625.2

Rat IgG

M1101-100
EUR 183.6

Rat IgG

M1101-1000
EUR 444

Urocortin, rat

HY-P1296 5mg
EUR 1424.4

EGF, Rat

HY-P7092 50ug
EUR 253.2

OSM, Rat

HY-P7105 100ug
EUR 1507.2

CNTF, Rat

HY-P7148 50ug
EUR 596.4

Leptin, Rat

HY-P7233 50ug
EUR 183.6

Secretin (rat)

H-5498.0005 5.0mg
EUR 2590.8
Description: Sum Formula: C129H216N42O42; CAS# [121028-49-7]

Intermedin (rat)

H-6068.0500 0.5mg
EUR 618
Description: Sum Formula: C226H361N75O64S2; CAS# [1816940-00-7] net

Intermedin (rat)

H-6068.1000 1.0mg
EUR 979.2
Description: Sum Formula: C226H361N75O64S2; CAS# [1816940-00-7] net

Obestatin (rat)

H-6338.0500 0.5mg
EUR 544.8
Description: Sum Formula: C114H174N34O31; CAS# [869705-22-6] net

Obestatin (rat)

H-6338.1000 1.0mg
EUR 907.2
Description: Sum Formula: C114H174N34O31; CAS# [869705-22-6] net

Preptin (rat)

H-6572.0100 0.1mg
EUR 181.2
Description: Sum Formula: C181H268N48O51; CAS# [315197-73-0] net

Preptin (rat)

H-6572.0500 0.5mg
EUR 618
Description: Sum Formula: C181H268N48O51; CAS# [315197-73-0] net

Preptin (rat)

H-6572.1000 1.0mg
EUR 1125.6
Description: Sum Formula: C181H268N48O51; CAS# [315197-73-0] net

Copeptin (rat)

H-6726.0500 0.5mg
EUR 471.6
Description: Sum Formula: C183H307N57O61; CAS# [86280-64-0] net

Copeptin (rat)

H-6726.1000 1.0mg
EUR 835.2
Description: Sum Formula: C183H307N57O61; CAS# [86280-64-0] net

Alarin (rat)

H-6762.0500 0.5mg
EUR 277.2
Description: Sum Formula: C119H199N45O35; CAS# [909409-88-7] net

Alarin (rat)

H-6762.1000 1.0mg
EUR 432
Description: Sum Formula: C119H199N45O35; CAS# [909409-88-7] net

Adrenomedullin (rat)

H-2934.0500 0.5mg
EUR 704.4
Description: Sum Formula: C242H381N77O75S5; CAS# [161383-47-7] net

Adrenomedullin (rat)

H-2934.1000 1.0mg
EUR 1153.2
Description: Sum Formula: C242H381N77O75S5; CAS# [161383-47-7] net

Calcitonin (rat)

H-3072.0001 1.0mg
EUR 283.2
Description: Sum Formula: C148H228N40O46S3; CAS# [11118-25-5]

Calcitonin (rat)

H-3072.0005 5.0mg
EUR 1023.6
Description: Sum Formula: C148H228N40O46S3; CAS# [11118-25-5]

Urocortin (rat)

H-3362.0500 0.5mg
EUR 327.6
Description: Sum Formula: C206H338N62O64; CAS# [171543-83-2] net

Urocortin (rat)

H-3362.1000 1.0mg
EUR 501.6
Description: Sum Formula: C206H338N62O64; CAS# [171543-83-2] net

GRF (rat)

H-5440.0500 0.5mg
EUR 675.6
Description: Sum Formula: C225H361N77O66S; CAS# [86472-71-1] net

GRF (rat)

H-5440.1000 1.0mg
EUR 1240.8
Description: Sum Formula: C225H361N77O66S; CAS# [86472-71-1] net

Secretin (rat)

H-5498.0001 1.0mg
EUR 675.6
Description: Sum Formula: C129H216N42O42; CAS# [121028-49-7]

GDNF (Rat)

PR15008 50 ug
EUR 1532.4

Leptin-Rat

PR27100 200 ug
EUR 229.2

Rat Cardiomyocytes

PC35134 P0 Rat - Whole Heart Dissociated Cells X2
EUR 1702.8

Pneumadin (rat) )

SP-100080-1 1 mg
EUR 343.2

SCF, rat

RC253-12 2ug
EUR 125.26

VEGF165, rat

RC256-18 1mg
EUR 2837.04

CNTF, rat

RC258-19 5ug
EUR 125.26

GDNF, rat

RC258-25 2ug
EUR 125.26

CCL6, rat

RC355-17 2ug
EUR 121.6

CCL11, rat

RC355-22 5ug
EUR 121.6

MIF, rat

RC752-14 50ug
EUR 203.56

Rat(H2b)

QY-E11674 96T
EUR 448.8

Rat(TRAP)

QY-E11743 96T
EUR 448.8

Liver Dissociation System 4 (Hepatocytes, rat), Rat

4-20304 ea Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Apoliprotein-J (Clusterin Rat Recombinant)

CC015-002 2ug
EUR 351.6

Recombinant Rat Apoliprotein-J (Clusterin Rat Recombinant)

CC015-010 10ug
EUR 489.6

Recombinant Rat Apoliprotein-J (Clusterin Rat Recombinant)

CC015-101 1mg
EUR 8322

Rat anti Mouse(Rat) TNFRSF1A monoclonal antibody

CABT-L335 500ug
EUR 982.8

Pancreas Dissociation System 6 (Acinar, rat parotid), Rat

4-20376 ea Ask for price

Rat IgG2a (FITC) / Rat IgG2a (RPE) Isotype Control

abx405004-100tests 100 tests
EUR 760.8

CST3 Rat, Cystatin C Rat Recombinant Protein, sf9

PROTP14841-1 Regular: 10ug
EUR 380.4
Description: CST3 Rat Recombinant produced in Sf9 Baculovirus cells is a single, glycosylated polypeptide chain containing 128 amino acids (21-140a.a.) and having a molecular mass of 14.3kDa (Molecular size on SDS-PAGE will appear at approximately 13.5-18kDa)._x000D_ CST3 is expressed with an 8 amino acid His tag at C-Terminus and purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques

Rat Calnuc antibody

70R-1118 100 ug
EUR 452.4
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Rat Calnuc antibody raised against the C terminal Of Rat Calnuc/Rgd:620030

RANTES, rat recombinant

4323-100
EUR 1123.2

RANTES, rat recombinant

4323-1000
EUR 6030

RANTES, rat recombinant

4323-20
EUR 392.4

SCF, rat recombinant

4329-10
EUR 398.4

SCF, rat recombinant

4329-1000
EUR 5136

SCF, rat recombinant

4329-50
EUR 946.8

VEGF165, rat recombinant

4365-10
EUR 320.4

VEGF165, rat recombinant

4365-1000
EUR 4758

VEGF165, rat recombinant

4365-50
EUR 836.4

Leptin, rat recombinant

4368-02
EUR 164.4

Leptin, rat recombinant

4368-1
EUR 307.2

Leptin, rat recombinant

4368-5
EUR 732

BAFF, rat recombinant

4453-100
EUR 927.6

BAFF, rat recombinant

4453-1000
EUR 6519.6

BAFF, rat recombinant

4453-20
EUR 314.4

Rat IgG (FITC)

65C-CH1202 1 mg
EUR 240
Description: Purified Rat IgG FITC conjugate

Rat IgG (HRP)

65C-CH1203 1 mg
EUR 309.6
Description: Purified Rat IgG HRP conjugate

Rat IgM (FITC)

65C-CH1214 500 µL
EUR 301.2
Description: Purified Rat IgM FITC conjugate

Rat IgM (HRP)

65C-CH1215 500 µg
EUR 415.2
Description: Purified Rat IgM HRP conjugate

Recombinant Rat Leptin

7-01150 200µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Leptin

7-01151 1mg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Leptin

7-01152 5mg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Prolactin

7-01420 10µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Prolactin

7-01421 50µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Prolactin

7-01422 1mg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Resistin

7-01531 5µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Resistin

7-01532 25µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Resistin

7-01533 1mg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Parvalbumin

7-05806 2µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Parvalbumin

7-05807 10µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Parvalbumin

7-05808 100µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Secretagogin

7-06334 2µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Secretagogin

7-06335 10µg Ask for price

Recombinant Rat Secretagogin

7-06336 1mg Ask for price

DNA polymerase ? (Rat)

10-101 20ug
EUR 465.6
Description: The DNA polymerase ? (Rat) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

DNA polymerase ? (Rat)

10-102 100ug
EUR 1107.6
Description: The DNA polymerase ? (Rat) is available in Europe and for worldwide shipping via Gentaur.

Rat Leptin Antibody

11421-05011 150 ug
EUR 260.4

Rat IgG (Fc)

31C-CH1204 1 mg
EUR 440.4
Description: Purified Rat IgG (Fc)

Rat IgG (Fab)

31C-CH1210 2 mg
EUR 408
Description: Purified Rat IgG (Fab)

Rat Ig fraction

31R-1021 10 mg
EUR 138
Description: Rat Ig fraction control or blocking reagent

Rat Ig fraction

31R-1045 10 mg
EUR 138
Description: Purified Rat Ig fraction for use as a control or blocking reagent

Rat IgG protein

31R-1064 10 mg
EUR 224.4
Description: Purified native Rat IgG protein

Rat IgG Fab

31R-1079 1 mg
EUR 548.4
Description: Purified native IgG Fab protein (Rat)

Rat IgG Fc

31R-1080 1 mg
EUR 457.2
Description: Purified native IgG Fc protein (Rat)

Rat IgM protein

31R-IR001 1.5 mg
EUR 573.6
Description: Purified Rat IgM protein

[Tyr0]-Urocortin (rat)

5-00333 4 x 1mg Ask for price

beta-Endorphin, rat

5-00484 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Angiotensin, Canine, Rat

5-00675 4 x 5mg Ask for price

Atriopeptin I (rat)

5-00737 0.4 x 5mg Ask for price

Atriopeptin III (rat)

5-00739 0.4 x 5mg Ask for price

Biotin-Intermedin (rat)

5-00794 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Biotin-Obestatin (rat)

5-00813 4 x 1mg Ask for price

BNP-32, rat

5-00831 0.4 x 5mg Ask for price

BNP-45 , rat

5-00832 0.4 x 5mg Ask for price

Enterostatin (pig, rat)

5-01110 4 x 5mg Ask for price

Gastrin I (rat)

5-01191 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Gastrin-1, rat

5-01194 4 x 1mg Ask for price

GIP, mouse, rat

5-01207 4 x 1mg Ask for price

GLP-2 (rat)

5-01218 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Guanylin, rat, mouse

5-01265 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Nesfatin-1 (rat)

5-01590 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Neuromedin S (rat)

5-01604 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Neuromedin U, rat

5-01605 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Obestatin, rat, mouse

5-01649 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Pancreatic Polypeptide, rat

5-01709 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Tyr-Uroguanylin (rat)

5-02040 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Prolactin, rat recombinant

4689-10
EUR 164.4

Prolactin, rat recombinant

4689-1000
EUR 2017.2

Prolactin, rat recombinant

4689-50
EUR 314.4

Transferrin protein (Rat)

30C-CH1216 5 mg
EUR 428.4
Description: Highly purified rat transferrin protein

IL6 protein (Rat)

30R-2494 10 ug
EUR 459.6
Description: Purified recombinant Rat IL6 protein (Rat)

Transferrin protein (Rat)

30R-3100 1 gram
EUR 962.4
Description: Purified native Transferrin protein (Rat)

Thrombopoietin protein (Rat)

30R-3132 50 ug
EUR 308.4
Description: Purified recombinant Rat Thrombopoietin protein (His tag)

Adiponectin, rat recombinant

4903-100
EUR 777.6

Adiponectin, rat recombinant

4903-1000
EUR 4092

Adiponectin, rat recombinant

4903-25
EUR 320.4

Visfatin, rat recombinant

4909-10
EUR 274.8

Visfatin, rat recombinant

4909-1000
EUR 5214

Visfatin, rat recombinant

4909-50
EUR 574.8

Resistin, rat recombinant

4561-100
EUR 836.4

Resistin, rat recombinant

4561-1000
EUR 6127.2

Resistin, rat recombinant

4561-25
EUR 307.2

CNTF, rat recombinant

4019-100
EUR 796.8

CNTF, rat recombinant

4019-1000
EUR 3974.4

CNTF, rat recombinant

4019-20
EUR 314.4

Additionally, CoVs characterized by a high diversity, caused by a mutation, recombination, and gene gain / loss. 25V16G is JHMV immune-escape variants, which do not have the dominant CTL epitope. By avoiding the immune response, 25V16G establish persistent infections, causing granulomatous serositis in mice interferon-γ-deficient. These examples pathogenesis-related CoV in mice may provide useful information about other CoV infection, including coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19).

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